Shop Mobile More Submit  Join Login
About Varied / Hobbyist Member Nonya businessFemale/United States Group :iconschoolhousedemons: SchoolHouseDemons
 
Recent Activity
Deviant for 6 Years
Needs Premium Membership
Statistics 282 Deviations 1,331 Comments 3,920 Pageviews

Newest Deviations

Favourites

Critiques

Activity


Callie Edwards
Professor Palz
English 122
November 19, 2014
Abstract
Illegal tungsten mining in Colombia is not something the American public really knows about. The FARC is a terrorist group that has plunged Colombia into a fifty year war, and we the American people help to fund them with our cars, phones, pens, and computers. The FARC is a terrorist group that began in May of 1964, and has since then been in a constant war with the people in power. When this group started they were an army for the people, but after a few years of war it seemed that they became more concerned with political power then helping the people.  Colombia provides less than 1% of the world’s tungsten, which doesn’t sound like much, but it’s enough to make it more important financial income for FARC then kidnaping. The government of Colombia has been working to take the illegal mines run by this guerrilla group by confiscating boats attempting to smuggle the Tungsten and other illegal substances up the Inirida River in Colombia.
In todays’ world everyone is connected, people in Colorado can now talk to people in Moscow by simply turning on their computer and logging on to the internet. So it should be important to everyone to preserve the lives of our fellow human beings.  At this point in time nobody really cares what happens to anyone else, as long as it doesn’t affect their perfect world. Well it’s about time that we start to care, and start to take the initiative to stop funding organizations like FARC. It’s time that our local American companies start looking into where they are getting all of their supplies, and looking into ways of finding a legal, conflict free source for their products.
Callie Edwards
Professor Palz
English 122
November 8, 2014
Annotated Bibliography
Smith, Michael. "How Colombian FARC Terrorists Mining Tungsten Are Linked to Your BMW Sedan." Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg, 7 Aug. 2013. Web. 22 Oct. 2014.
This article was about bringing to light the use of Tungsten mining to fund the terrorist group FARC. They argue that not enough information is known about conflict minerals and who they affect. The author of this article tells the readers what products they can find tungsten in, and where it is mined illegally. They also describe what is being done in an effort to stop the trafficking of this mineral.
This source has reliable information, the have conducted the interviews themselves and have gathered the information from people first hand.  The site many of the people they used for quotes. The one thing that made this source a little questionable is that many of the links on this page leads you back to the main page of Bloomberg, not to other sources.
This article was a helpful source; it gave me good information on the topic of Illegal tungsten mining. The information in this paper was well organized and I could easily find the information I was looking for.  The headline and beginning paragraph drew me in and made me want to learn more. I would say this is a good resource.
"Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - People's Army." Web.stanford.edu. Stanford Univercity, 2012. Web. 18 Nov. 2014

Hanson, Stephanie. "FARC, ELN: Colombia's Left-Wing Guerrillas." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 19 Aug. 2009. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.
Callie Edwards
Professor Palz
English 122
October 10, 2014
Illegal Tungsten Mines and FARC
A little known fact is that illegal mining has over taken importance in funding over kidnaping for the terrorist group FARC. They have being using this mineral and Coltan to help fund their Fifty year civil war. Is this something American’s should be proud to support? Well it is being supported every day, when you buy phones, computers, pens, and BMW/ Ferrari/ Volkswagen, you support FARC’s cause. This is something that needs to change; we should not support heinous crimes such as the ones committed by these people. It is time that we find a cleaner source for our materials.
FARC started as a gorilla group that went by the name of the Southern bloc. Something that not many people know is that the Southern bloc, now known as FARC, was formed from a group called Marulanda’s Marquetalia Republic. On May 27 1964 the conservative government attacked this group’s military encampment capturing most of the insurgents. Marulanda and a small group of followers managed to escape capture. They formed the Southern Bloc, which was to be renamed FARC, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. This Guerilla group has used drug trafficking, extortion, kidnapping and illegal mining.
Groups such as FARC aren’t the only people who have used tyranny and violence on the people of Colombia. Drug Cartels run much of the country paying of high officials to keep their mouths shut so that they can move cocaine and other illegal substances into the world market. Then Colombia has the corrupt positions that have lied to and repressed the populace of this part of the world. Many of the political parties in Colombia were formed from Para-military groups that were at one point literally fighting each other over control of this country. “The uprising spreads throughout the country, igniting a decade-long civil war between the Liberals and the Conservatives known simply as La Violencia, or the Violence.” (Leach IV)
FARC was originally a communist army for the people against their government, but over the last few decades this group has done more harm to its people then it has done good. This Terrorist organization uses land mines to protect certain areas of their operations, primarily around their coca fields and these mines have claimed around 10,000 victims. This group has participated in peace talks several times, though none have prevailed. The most recent talks are being held in the International Criminal Court in Havana. Much of the people of Colombia have joined a group protesting FARC called Un Millon de Voces contra las FARC meaning one million voices against FARC. The purpose of this was to give the Colombian people a way to have their voice heard.
Since the need for technology has grown, the need for minerals like Tungsten has increased exponentially. It is because of this growth that over the past decade Illegal mining has surpassed kidnapping in importance for FARC’s funding. They control a mine on Tiger hill and impose taxes on the local Indians for mining in the area. What’s worse is because it’s illegal to mine on this forest preserve the natives have to go through FARC or another Para-military group to make any money off of the ore themselves.
Tungsten is used in almost everything, from monitors to cars, from our ball point pens to parts in your smart phone. Companies such as Apple, BMW, Ferrari, Volkswagen, Samsung, and BIC have purchased from a supply chain that buys Tungsten ore from Colombia.  “While Tiger Hill is illegal, it’s the only known tungsten mine in Colombia, according to the police and Environment Ministry officials responsible for regulating mining.” (Bloomberg) There are other ways of getting tungsten; many Natives will dig small holes in the forest looking for rare minerals like tungsten, coltan or gold.
Colombia’s police give several reasons as to why this particular mine is an illegal Tungsten mine.  Reasons such as it is located on a protected land, and that the people running this mine, FARC, is a considered a terrorist group by several different countries besides Colombia. This Guerilla group controls a large part of southern Colombia, in the Guainía province.  
The Colombian government has been confiscating illegal substances that this group has been attempting to smuggle out of the country using the Inirida River in the amazon. The government has confiscated approximately 27.9 tons since 2010 reports Bloomberg. They have yet to mount an attack on the group at tiger hill because it is difficult terrain. Tiger hill is also located on an Indian preserve and they are worried that the native might get hurt in an attempted raid.
Much of the southern part of Colombia was under FARC control in the late 1990’s when the current president with drew military and police from the area in order to give FARC a safe place in which to negotiate peace. After this the government attempted to engage in peace talks, there was no cease-fire agreement in place so the war continued despite the peace effort. Eventually the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia lost control over much of the southern area. Garry Leech tells about FARC losing control in his book The FARC, the longest insurgency:
In February, the peace process ends when President Pastrana orders the military to invade the FARC-controlled safe haven. The government blames the FARC for its refusal to agree to a ceasefire, while the guerrillas point to the government’s unwillingness to seriously negotiate the country’s economic and social problems and its failure to dismantle the paramilitary groups. (Leech X)
Though FARC still maintains control of the Guainía province, they have lost much of the control they had in the past. And many of the Tungsten mines that supply FARC with money are not controlled by the group but more controlled by the locals and FARC charges these natives for the right to mine. There had been talks in recent years about trying to take control of the Tiger hill mine, but Montenegro, the Guainía local police commander gave this comment on the subject, “We want to mount an operation there, but it is very, very complicated because it’s on Indian land,” (Bloomberg).
Many large multi-national companies, such as BIC and apple, are starting independent investigations into whether their suppliers are getting their Tungsten through legitimate sources, and not from a conflict source. Plansee was questioned about where their Colombian Tungsten was coming from; they later issued a news release saying they would not be buying Tungsten ore from Colombia. BMW’s spokesman Frank Wienstroth was quoted as saying “These few grams out of the billions of tons of raw materials passing through the BMW supply chain are of no practical relevance,” (Bloomberg). The spokesman also made comments about how the company works hard to not get anything from a tainted supplier.
Geo Copper, one of the suppliers to Plansee, is believed to be the connection to FARC tungsten and our products.  There were several claims buy Geo Copper employees that they had done business with members of FARC.
Since 2008, there have been 40 shipments of tungsten ore from Colombia by 14 companies, according to government export documents. Although none of the records from these shipments say the tungsten ore comes from FARC-run Tiger Hill, Colombian authorities are convinced that it does. (Bloomberg)
Many companies have tried to say that they are getting their ore from legitimate mines, such as the Caney mine co-owned by Geo-Copper. But whether or not the minerals came from her is under speculation, and there is evidence that points to the ore coming from Tiger Hill. Many of Geo-Copper’s employees have reported that they have had to barter with FARC guards for Tungsten ore. What we need to do is remove the conflict minerals from our lives as much as possible, many companies are taking steps to do this, but not enough is being done. In order to remove conflict minerals from being a problem in places like the Colombia, we need to get rid of the need for them. This is not likely to happen right away, but if we work towards finding conflict free products it will improve the lives of those in places like Colombia.


Bibliography
Smith, Michael. "How Colombian FARC Terrorists Mining Tungsten Are Linked to Your BMW Sedan." Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg, 7 Aug. 2013. Web. 22 Oct. 2014.
"Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - People's Army." Stanford University. Stanford University, n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2014.
Andavolu, Krishna. "Colombia's Hidden Killers | VICE United States." VICE. VICE News, 12 July 2013. Web. 24 Oct. 2014.
Leech, Garry. The FARC: The Longest Insurgency. N.p.: Fernwood, n.d. Print.
Carlin, Ryan E. "Pitfalls Abound in Colombia-FARC Peace Talks." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 28 Aug. 2014. Web. 24 Oct. 2014.
Poliszuk, Joseph. "Colombia's Black-market Coltan Tied to Drug Traffickers, Paramilitaries." Center for Public Integrity. Center of Public Integrity, 04 Mar. 2012. Web. 18 Nov. 2014
"Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - People's Army." Web.stanford.edu. Stanford Univercity, 2012. Web. 18 Nov. 2014
Hanson, Stephanie. "FARC, ELN: Colombia's Left-Wing Guerrillas." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 19 Aug. 2009. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.

Companies believed to receive possible FARC Tungsten
www.globaltungsten.com/@
www.plansee.com/@
Callie Edwards
Professor Mosher
World Mythology
October 27
The World of Myth notes
Creation Myths
• Egyptian
o Notes
 Re is a god who gave birth to himself.
 Geb is the earth Nut is the sky.
 Spat out Shu and Tefnut
 People are created from his tears.
o Quotes
 “My soul is God, I am creator of this World.” Page 17
 “I was Re in  [all] his first manifestations: I was the great one who came into being himself,” Page 17
 “I planned in my heart how I should create other beings- the myriad forms of Khopri- and that there should come into being their children and theirs.” Page 18
• Mesopotamian
o Notes
 One of the oldest creation myths we have record of

o Quotes
 “Naught but primordial Apsu, their begetter, (And) Mummu-Tiamat, she who bore them all, Their waters commingling as a single body; no reed hut had been matted, no marsh land had appeared.” Page 19
 “Do destroy, my father, the mutinous ways. Then shalt thou have relief by day and rest by night.” Page 20

• Hebrew
• Indian
• Greek
• Christian
• Hopi
• Boshongo
• Big Bang
The Flood
• Mesopotamian
• Hebrew
• Chinese
• Indian
• Greco-Roman
• Mayan
The After Life
• Egyptian
• Greco-Roman
• Judeo-Christian
• Muslims
• Buddhist
• Hopi
The Apocalypse
• Hebrew
• Christian
• Indian
• Hopi
• Norse
• Modern entropy and Heat death
Pantheons
• Egyptian
• Greek
• Roman
• Norse
God as Archetype
1. Supreme Being
• Indian
• Hebrew
• Modern Immanent mind
2. Great mother
• Mesopotamian
• Modern Gaia as Earth
3. Dying God
• Egyptian
• Babylonian
• Phrygian
• Greek
• Aztec
• Christian
• Norse
4. The Trickster
• Greek
• Indian
• Shoshoni
• Fon
Gods, Goddess, and lesser spirits
• Greco-Roman
• Non-Greek
Hero Myths
1. Conception, birth and childhood
• Greek
i. Theseus
ii. A
iii. A
iv. A
v.
• Indian
i. Krishna
ii. A
• Irish
• Bantu
2. Journey and Quest
• French
• Greek
i. A
ii. A
iii. A
iv. A
v. A
• Celtic
• Hebrew
i.
• Roman
• Indian
• Native American
• African
• Australian Aboriginal
• Mesopotamian
3. Rebirth and Return
• Black Foot
• Christian
• Greek
• Aztec
Place and Object Myths
1. Mountain
• Hebrew
2. City
• Greek
i. Troy
ii.
• Hebrew
3. The Temple
• Judeo-Christian
• European
4. The Genitals
• Greek
i. A
ii.
• Apache
5. The Stone
• Phrygian
• Australian Aboriginals
• Hebrew
6. The Tree
• Indian
• Norse
• Hebrew
• Muslim
7. The Labyrinth
• Greek
So I'm starting to sell more of my stuff so I'm letting everyone on devantart know about my work. I'm an artist.... Obviously... But I have been selling my wire wrapped work. I even created my own website so that I can even sell things online. So if anyone is interested in buying any of my work message me or check out ingeniouscreation.weebly.com THANKS TO ALL OF YOU WHO HAVE SUPPORTED ME :iconbirdhouseiys::icongayteen::iconokamichan94:
  • Mood: Spidey Sense
  • Listening to: Disturbed
  • Reading: Blade of Fire
  • Watching: SpongeBob Squarepants
  • Playing: Kingdom Hearts
  • Eating: Cinnomin toast Crunch
  • Drinking: Milk

Commissions

Wire Wrapped Jewelry
Smokey Quartz Necklace by psycopathdurham
Quartz Silver and Gold Ring by psycopathdurham
African Necklace by psycopathdurham
Green Jasper Hand Crafted Earrings by psycopathdurham
Tiger Eye and silver plated copper necklace. by psycopathdurham
Bloodstone and Gold ring by psycopathdurham
I am an aspiring artist who is looking to sell my wire wrapped goods. If interested please message me :iconrbheartplz: 


deviantID

psycopathdurham
Nonya business
Artist | Hobbyist | Varied
United States
The muffin will show us the way.

Current Residence: denver CO
deviantWEAR sizing preference: a really small size
Favourite genre of music: Metal
Favourite photographer: whats his name
Favourite style of art: Chibi
Operating System: a computer
MP3 player of choice: Ipod
Shell of choice: turtle shell
Wallpaper of choice: Anima
Skin of choice: Blue
Favourite cartoon character: Riza, Durham
Personal Quote: Do not fear the Dark, for with out it there would be no Light.
Interests

AdCast - Ads from the Community

×

Groups

Webcam

Comments


Add a Comment:
 
:iconchampionx91:
Championx91 Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2013
 
Reply
:iconkarasu1994:
Karasu1994 Featured By Owner Sep 26, 2011
Thanks sis for the fav! :: D
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconnhan-snakex:
Nhan-SnakeX Featured By Owner Aug 12, 2011
:iconrose-2plz::iconrose3plz::iconrose4plz: HAPPY BIRTHDAY :iconrose5plz::iconrose6plz::iconrose7plz:
Enjoy your cake :iconcakechocplz:
From [X] with love
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconleahmcdonald:
leahmcdonald Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2011  Hobbyist Photographer
Thanks for the watch! (:
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconelyflycorn:
ElyFlycorn Featured By Owner Mar 7, 2011
thank you for the watch!!:la::hug:
Reply
(2 Replies)
:iconairjar:
AirJar Featured By Owner Jan 6, 2011
Hi here!
Thank you very much for the fav!:dalove:
You've some nice drawings here!
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconevassac:
evassaC Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2010  Professional Writer
:rose: Thanks for the :+fav: on my art Sylvanas Windrunner :rose:
:heart: [link] :heart:
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconnhan-snakex:
Nhan-SnakeX Featured By Owner Jun 27, 2010
Thank you so much for the fav on " Angle in the Forbidden garden" [link]
much love :iconsweethugplz:
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconbrazendesign:
BrazenDesign Featured By Owner Jun 19, 2010   Traditional Artist
Thanks for the :+fav:!!!
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconbirdhouseiys:
BirdhouseIYS Featured By Owner Jun 19, 2010  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I TAG YOU!!! [link]
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconrubypheonix:
RubyPheonix Featured By Owner Jun 18, 2010  Hobbyist Digital Artist
thanks for the fav :thanks:
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconsyedmaaz:
syedmaaz Featured By Owner Jun 17, 2010  Student Interface Designer
thank u 4 the fav
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconyoumee400:
youmee400 Featured By Owner Jun 17, 2010
Thanks for the collection add
Reply
(1 Reply)
:icontorment6:
torment6 Featured By Owner Jun 17, 2010  Professional Digital Artist
Thanks for the Fav!!
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconladykuraiart:
LadyKuraiArt Featured By Owner Jun 17, 2010  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks for collecting my pic 'Don't worry' :D
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconcgaratl:
cgaratl Featured By Owner Jun 8, 2010
Hey, thanks for the faving!
I'm catching up with messages NOW, so you might not even remember the deviation you faved, but I still wanted to say that I'm very grateful!
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconzenvex12:
zenvex12 Featured By Owner May 29, 2010  Hobbyist Writer
thnx for faving tsukai! if you like it there's a second chapter coming out soon.
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconcma3d:
CMA3D Featured By Owner May 28, 2010  Professional General Artist
thanks for the fav! :D
Reply
(2 Replies)
:iconcma3d:
CMA3D Featured By Owner May 28, 2010  Professional General Artist
thanks for the fav! :D
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconmarianabr:
MarianaBR Featured By Owner May 27, 2010
Thank you so much for the fav on my fanart of rukia
[link]

:iconbunnyglompplz:
Reply
(1 Reply)
:icondevynkeawe:
devynkeawe Featured By Owner May 26, 2010
Thanks for the favourite!
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconjackwindsword:
JackWindsword Featured By Owner May 26, 2010  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thanks for the fave!
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconalicealexia:
AliceAlexia Featured By Owner May 26, 2010  Professional Filmographer
Thanks so much for the :+fav:! :blowkiss:
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconsneak3218:
sneak3218 Featured By Owner May 26, 2010
thanks a lot for the fave
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconmcfly-lover-forever:
McFly-Lover-Forever Featured By Owner May 26, 2010
Thanks so much for the fave on 'HTTYD - Hiccup and Toothless' i really appreciate it.
Reply
(1 Reply)
Add a Comment: